Deploy OpenStack offline based on Kolla

Deploy OpenStack offline based on Kolla

Acha
2023-05-06 / 0 评论 / 466 阅读 / 正在检测是否收录...
温馨提示:
本文最后更新于2023年05月06日,已超过378天没有更新,若内容或图片失效,请留言反馈。

Deploy OpenStack offline based on Kolla

系统:CentOS Linux release 7.9.2009 (Core)

规格:4C8G

存储

  • 50G 系统盘
  • 20G 数据盘(cinder)

网络规划

  • ens33 仅主机(管理网、ip:192.168.100.10/24)

  • ens34 NAT(业务网、CICR:192.168.10.0/24 、gw:192.168.10.2)

  • VIP 192.168.100.100

初始化环境

1、修改主机名 hosts

[root@kolla ~]#  hostnamectl set-hostname kolla

rabbitmq 可能需要能够进行主机名解析

2、配置网络

[root@kolla ~]#  cat > /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-ens34 <<EOF
NAME=ens34
DEVICE=ens34
TYPE=Ethernet
ONBOOT="yes"
BOOTPROTO="none"
EOF

[root@kolla ~]#  nmcli con reload && nmcli con up ens34

准备两块网卡、ens34 为 业务网络

3、上传软件包

99cloud_skyline.tar.gz   // skyline 容器镜像
kolla_centos_train_min.tar.gz  // 容器镜像(最小化)
kolla_centos_train_rpm.tar.gz  // 依赖软件包
kolla_centos_train_whl.tar.gz  // pip依赖包

4、创建 lvm

[root@kolla ~]#  pvcreate /dev/sdb
[root@kolla ~]#  vgcreate cinder-volumes /dev/sdb

注:卷组名为 cinder_volume_group 参数

5、配置 源

配置 yum

[root@kolla ~]#  mkdir /etc/yum.repos.d/bak
[root@kolla ~]#  mv /etc/yum.repos.d/*.repo /etc/yum.repos.d/bak

[root@kolla ~]#  tar xf kolla_centos_train_rpm.tar.gz -C /opt/

[root@kolla ~]#  cat > /etc/yum.repos.d/local.repo << EOF
[kolla]
name=kolla - acha
baseurl=file:///opt/kolla_centos_train_rpm/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1
EOF

安装 依赖

[root@kolla ~]#  yum install -y python-devel libffi-devel gcc openssl-devel \
      libselinux-python python2-pip  python-pbr  ansible

安装常用软件

[root@kolla ~]#  yum install -y vim unzip net-tools lrzsz tree bash-completion  

部署环境

1、安装 kolla-ansible

[root@kolla ~]#  tar xf kolla_centos_train_whl.tar.gz 
[root@kolla ~]#  cd kolla_centos_train_whl
[root@kolla kolla_centos_train_whl]#  ./install.sh

2、配置

准备配置文件

[root@kolla kolla_centos_train_whl]# mkdir -p /etc/kolla
[root@kolla kolla_centos_train_whl]# cd /etc/kolla
[root@kolla kolla]# chown $USER:$USER /etc/kolla
[root@kolla kolla]# cp -r /usr/share/kolla-ansible/etc_examples/kolla/* /etc/kolla
[root@kolla kolla]# cp /usr/share/kolla-ansible/ansible/inventory/* /etc/kolla

修改ansible配置文件

[root@kolla kolla]# cat << EOF | sed -i '/^\[defaults\]$/ r /dev/stdin' /etc/ansible/ansible.cfg
host_key_checking=False
pipelining=True
forks=100
EOF

忽略 DeprecationWarning 提示

cat -n /usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/ansible/parsing/vault/__init__.py | tail -n +41 | head -n 5
    41  try:
    42      #with warnings.catch_warnings():
    43      #    warnings.simplefilter("ignore", DeprecationWarning)
    44      warnings.filterwarnings("ignore")
    45      from cryptography.exceptions import InvalidSignature

检查inventory

[root@kolla /etc/kolla]# ansible -i all-in-one all -m ping

生成密码

[root@kolla kolla]# kolla-genpwd

修改 keystone_admin_password

[root@kolla kolla]# sed -i 's#keystone_admin_password:.*#keystone_admin_password: kolla#g' /etc/kolla/passwords.yml 

[root@kolla kolla]# cat /etc/kolla/passwords.yml | grep keystone_admin_password
keystone_admin_password: kolla

修改全局配置文件globals.yml(控制安装、配置组件)

[root@kolla kolla]# cp /etc/kolla/globals.yml{,.bak}

[root@kolla kolla]# cat >> /etc/kolla/globals.yml <<EOF
# Kolla options

kolla_base_distro: "centos"
kolla_install_type: "binary"
openstack_release: "train"
kolla_internal_vip_address: "192.168.100.100"

# Neutron - Networking Options
network_interface: "ens33"
neutron_external_interface: "ens34"
neutron_plugin_agent: "openvswitch"
enable_neutron_provider_networks: "yes"

# OpenStack services
enable_cinder: "yes"
enable_cinder_backend_lvm: "yes"

EOF
参数 说明
kolla_base_distro 容器镜像的 linux 发行版(ubuntu、centos、debain)
kolla_install_type 组件构建类型(binary、source)
openstack_release openstack 版本(train)
kolla_internal_vip_address 高可用VIP(管理网地址)
docker_registry Docker 镜像仓库
docker_namespace 镜像仓库所在命名空间(dockerhub 为 kolla)
network_interface 管理网卡
neutron_external_interface 业务网卡
neutron_plugin_agent 网络插件(openvswitch,linuxbridge)
enable_neutron_provider_networks 启用业务网络
enable_cinder 启用 cinder
enable_cinder_backend_lvm 指定 cinder 后端存储(lvm)

3、部署

# 不启用 docker 源
[root@kolla kolla]# sed  -i.bak "s/enable_docker_repo: true/enable_docker_repo: false/g" \
  /usr/share/kolla-ansible/ansible/roles/baremetal/defaults/main.yml

忽略 docker版本
sed -i "9a \ \ ignore_errors: yes" \
    /usr/share/kolla-ansible/ansible/roles/prechecks/tasks/service_checks.yml
# 预配置,安装docker、docker sdk、关闭防火墙、配置时间同步等
[root@kolla kolla]# kolla-ansible -i ./all-in-one bootstrap-servers

# 部署前检查环境
[root@kolla kolla]# kolla-ansible -i ./all-in-one prechecks

# 导入镜像 
[root@kolla kolla]# docker load -i /root/kolla_centos_train_min.tar.gz 

# 执行实际部署,运行对应组件容器
[root@kolla kolla]# kolla-ansible -i ./all-in-one deploy

# 生成openrc文件
[root@kolla kolla]# kolla-ansible post-deploy

4、检查

[root@kolla kolla]# docker ps -a  | grep -v Up
[root@kolla kolla]# docker ps -a | wc -l

38 个容器

[root@kolla kolla]# lvs | grep cinder

安装 OpenStack 客户端

安装openstack客户端

[root@kolla kolla]# yum install -y python-openstackclient

运行 cirros 实例

[root@kolla kolla]# mkdir -p /opt/cache/files/
[root@kolla kolla]# mv cirros-0.4.0-x86_64-disk.img /opt/cache/files/

# 定义init-runonce示例脚本外部网络配置
[root@kolla kolla]# vim /usr/share/kolla-ansible/init-runonce
EXT_NET_CIDR=${EXT_NET_CIDR:-'192.168.10.0/24'}
EXT_NET_RANGE=${EXT_NET_RANGE:-'start=192.168.10.50,end=192.168.10.200'}
EXT_NET_GATEWAY=${EXT_NET_GATEWAY:-'192.168.10.2'}

# 执行脚本,上传镜像到glance,创建内部网络、外部网络、flavor、ssh key,并运行一个实例
[root@kolla kolla]# source /etc/kolla/admin-openrc.sh 
[root@kolla kolla]# /usr/share/kolla-ansible/init-runonce

[root@kolla kolla]# openstack server create \
    --image cirros \
    --flavor m1.tiny \
    --key-name mykey \
    --network demo-net \
    demo1

部署 Skyline

[root@kolla ~]# database_password=`awk '/^database_password/ {print $2}' /etc/kolla/passwords.yml`

[root@kolla ~]# docker exec -it mariadb mysql -uroot -p$database_password \
  -e "CREATE DATABASE skyline DEFAULT CHARACTER SET utf8 DEFAULT COLLATE utf8_general_ci; GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON skyline.* TO 'skyline'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY '000000';"

[root@kolla ~]# docker exec -it mariadb mysql -uroot -p$database_password -e "show databases" | grep skyline
[root@kolla ~]# docker exec -it mariadb mysql -uroot -p$database_password -e "select user,host from mysql.user;" | grep skyline


[root@kolla ~]# source /etc/kolla/admin-openrc.sh 
[root@kolla ~]# openstack user create --domain default --password 000000 skyline
+---------------------+----------------------------------+
| Field               | Value                            |
+---------------------+----------------------------------+
| domain_id           | default                          |
| enabled             | True                             |
| id                  | f437975f5b3e424382e4ac939274a92b |
| name                | skyline                          |
| options             | {}                               |
| password_expires_at | None                             |
+---------------------+----------------------------------+
[root@kolla ~]# openstack role add --project service --user skyline admin


[root@kolla ~]# mkdir -p /etc/skyline /var/log/skyline /var/lib/skyline
[root@kolla ~]# cat > /etc/skyline/skyline.yaml <<EOF
default:
  database_url: 'mysql://skyline:000000@192.168.100.100:3306/skyline'
  prometheus_endpoint: 'http://localhost:9091'

openstack:
  keystone_url: 'http://192.168.100.100:5000/v3'
  default_region: RegionOne
  interface_type: public
  system_user_name: 'skyline'
  system_user_password: '000000'
EOF

[root@kolla ~]# docker load -i /root/99cloud_skyline.tar.gz 
[root@kolla ~]# docker run -d --name skyline_bootstrap -e KOLLA_BOOTSTRAP="" \
  -v /etc/skyline/skyline.yaml:/etc/skyline/skyline.yaml \
  --net=host   99cloud/skyline:latest

[root@kolla ~]# docker logs skyline_bootstrap
+ echo '/usr/local/bin/gunicorn -c /etc/skyline/gunicorn.py skyline_apiserver.main:app'
+ mapfile -t CMD
++ tail /run_command
++ xargs -n 1
+ [[ -n 0 ]]
+ cd /skyline/libs/skyline-apiserver/
+ make db_sync
poetry run alembic upgrade head
Skipping virtualenv creation, as specified in config file.
/usr/local/lib/python3.8/dist-packages/pymysql/cursors.py:170: Warning: (1280, "Name 'alembic_version_pkc' ignored for PRIMARY key.")
  result = self._query(query)
+ exit 0

[root@kolla ~]# docker rm -f skyline_bootstrap
[root@kolla ~]# docker run -d --name skyline \
 --restart=always \
 -v /etc/skyline/skyline.yaml:/etc/skyline/skyline.yaml \
 --net=host \
 99cloud/skyline:latest
0

评论

博主关闭了当前页面的评论